Pit Bulls With Blue Eyes: Health, Care, & Tips

Pit bulls, known for their strong and muscular build, have been a popular breed among dog enthusiasts for years. However, one intriguing variation that has captured the hearts of many is the Pit Bull with blue eyes. 

In this article, we’ll delve into the fascination surrounding Pit Bulls with blue eyes and separate fact from fiction, addressing common myths and misconceptions. Moreover, we’ll explore the responsibilities that come with owning one and how to ensure the well-being of these beautiful canine companions.

Is It Possible for Pit Bulls to Have Blue Eyes?

Pit Bulls can have blue eyes. The enchanting hue of blue eyes, especially in Pit Bull puppies, can be captivating. However, it’s essential to note that such coloration comes with potential risks and concerns. If you are a proud owner of a blue-eyed Pit Bull or thinking of bringing one into your family, you will find comprehensive information in this guide. 

From health risks and potential dangers to the causes behind their striking blue eyes, you will find all the necessary insights to ensure their safety and well-being. Moreover, this guide features incredible images of blue-eyed Pit Bulls, allowing you to marvel at their beauty and learn more about these fascinating dogs.

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What Causes Pit Bulls To Have Blue Eyes?

Various factors can explain why some Pit Bulls have stunning blue eyes. While the default eye color for most dogs is brown, Pit Bull eye color depends on various factors, including genetics and pigmentation. 

In most cases, genetics determine whether a Pit Bull will have blue eyes. If a Pit Bull has a family history of blue eyes, it increases the likelihood of them having blue eyes. The following three factors explain why blue-eyed Pit Bulls exit.

Melanin Levels

Melanin, the fascinating pigment residing within the iris, holds the key to the captivating eye colors of Pit Bulls. This pigment is vital in determining the hues that grace a dog’s gaze. A brown eye’s enchanting color is typically due to a higher level of melanin in the iris. On the other hand, these lovable dogs have lighter eye colors when their melanin concentration is lower.

The magic behind the diverse eye colors in Pit Bulls lies in a gene called the “M (merle) locus gene.” This gene contributes to modifying eumelanin, the black pigmentation within melanin. Through this genetic modification, pit bulls lose pigment, giving them a wide range of eye colors, from pale brown to mesmerizing blue.

Merle Gene

Pit Bulls that carry the Merle gene (M-locus) tend to have blue eyes. This specific gene causes the pigment to dilute randomly, leading to a lightening effect on the skin. Merle gene carriers do not always ensure the presence of blue eyes in Pit Bulls or any other dog.

ALX4 Gene

In a significant study by Embark Veterinary, a leading dog DNA testing company, approximately 6,000 dogs’ characteristics were examined in detail.

This research revealed a significant finding – a mutation in the ALX4 gene is strongly linked to the occurrence of dogs with blue eyes. For Pit Bulls carrying this genetic variation, the likelihood of having blue eyes increases significantly.

This study sheds valuable light on the genetic basis of blue eyes in dogs, offering a deeper understanding of this captivating trait in certain breeds like Pit Bulls.

Blue-Eyed Pit Bulls Health Issues

Blue-Eyed Pit Bulls Health Issues

Do blue-eyed Pit Bulls have more significant health risks?

It is not necessarily a health problem for dogs to have blue eyes. Some blue-eyed Pit Bulls can be perfectly healthy. However, it’s crucial to be aware that blue-eyed Pit Bulls might have a higher chance of serious health issues than their brown-eyed counterparts.

Pit Bulls with blue eyes tend to have the following disorders:


Washington State University suggests a connection between hearing impairments and dogs with blue eyes. Specifically, Pit Bulls are one of the breeds most susceptible to the condition. According to the AKC Canine Health Foundation, a police officer adopted five Pit Bulls.


Blue-eyed Pit Bulls may develop vision problems due to the Merle gene, a dominant mutation in these dogs. In spite of this, it’s important to understand that not all pit bulls are blind. 

The risk of eye defects, including blindness, is higher when both parents have the Merle gene. There are animals known as “double merles,” which mimic the blackbird (M/M) trait.


Pit Bulls may lack the necessary genes for melanin production, causing them to have albinism. The “M (merle) locus gene” is one such gene that influences eumelanin, a pigment within black melanin, and causes pigment loss in dogs. Reduced levels of this pigment can cause albinism in dogs. Congenital deaf dogs often display white coat pigmentation.

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Other Eye Health Issues

Several eye conditions can affect Pit Bulls, including:

  • Distichiasis (double eyelashes)
  • Hereditary cataracts
  • PHPV (persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous)

If you’re worried about the Pit Bull’s health, consider using a dog DNA test at home. With this test, you determine if your Pit Bull possesses the gene (s) responsible for blue eyes and other genetic conditions. We strongly recommend the Embark Dog DNA Breed ID + Health kit, which can test for over 230 genetic diseases.

A dog’s test can provide insight that will assist you in taking proactive steps. By identifying potential health conditions early on, you can better treat or prevent specific issues your dog may face later.

Pit Bulls are prone to eye problems, so it can be beneficial to add eye supplements to their diet, such as Zesty Paws Eye Supplement. Additionally, dog eye drops can offer continual corneal hydration, providing further benefits for their eye health.

Pit Bulls have no Blue Eyes

Indeed, you heard it right. While your Pit Bull’s eyes look blue, they aren’t actually genuinely blue. Let me explain. Veterinary geneticist Kristopher Irizarry explains that blue-eyed dogs aren’t really blue.

In dogs, brown eyes get pigment from melanin, while blue-eyed dogs have irises without any pigment, making them colorless. The blue coloration of their eyes results from a mechanism similar to why the sky and water appear blue.

What is the Appearance of a Pit Bull With Blue Eyes? 

What is the Appearance of a Pit Bull With Blue Eyes? 

What is the difference between blue-eyed Pit Bulls and brown-eyed Pit Bulls?

Blue-Eyed vs. Brown-Eyed Pit Bulls

Blue-eyed Pit Bulls are most noticeable from brown-eyed Pit Bulls by their eye color. Pit Bulls typically have a sturdy, muscular physique and a smooth, short coat coat. They boast an athletic appearance, with a pointed tail and a whip-like appearance.

Males usually grow to 11-13 inches tall and weigh 20-28 pounds. Generally, Pit Bull females are similar in size. Pit Bulls differ in size and weight due to their mix of Bulldogs and Terriers. Breed characteristics include a vast, square-shaped head.

Eye Color Characteristics

According to the United Kennel Club standards for Pit Bulls, their eyes must be round, medium-sized, and set apart on the skull. They should also sit low on the head. Every eye color is acceptable, except for blue, an extremely serious condition. Pit Bulls can display eye colors ranging from hazel to dark brown.

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Blue-Eyed Pit Bulls & Coat Color

Is the color of the Pit Bull’s coat related to having blue eyes?

The color of a Pit Bull can be linked to the presence of blue eyes. Blue eyes are commonly associated with specific colors in Pit Bulls, like merle or white coats, and specific genes like the Piebald gene. It causes spots on the dog’s coat that are white or black. 

The color of their eyes may be influenced by numerous sources, so be aware that all Pit Bulls may not have blue eyes.

The presence of a specific type of melanin known as Eumelanin is a crucial player in this process. However, particular genes, such as the Merle gene, affect Eumelanin production in a dog’s cells. As a result, this modification creates coat color variations, spanning a spectrum from elegant grays to warm browns, charming tans, and every delightful shade in between.

The most challenging and rare blue-eyed Pit Bulls have gray, brown, or silver coats. The reason behind this rarity lies in their melanin levels, which are either entirely black or very close to black pigmentation. Due to this intense pigmentation, the presence of the Merle gene is rare among Pit Bulls with these particular coat colors.

Why Are Blue-Eyed Pit Bulls Not Acceptable?

Many breed clubs, including the United Kennel Club and the APBT, do not favor Pit Bulls with blue eyes. This is due to the fact that pit bulls rarely have blue eyes due to Merle and Piebald genes. Because of this, Pit Bulls with blue eyes may not be considered purebreds. Considering this aspect before paying an additional price for a Pit Bull with blue eyes is essential.

Blue-Eyed Pitbull Puppy

Do you want to get a blue-eyed Pit Bull puppy?

When contemplating the adoption of a blue-eyed Pit Bull puppy, you must ensure that the breed is compatible with your personality and lifestyle. It is crucial to prepare for the arrival of an energetic and amiable furry companion.

We strongly recommend evaluating the puppy’s health rather than focusing solely on the puppy’s eye color, regardless of whether the puppy has blue or black eyes. Deciding between acquiring a Pit Bull from a trusted breeder or adopting one is a deeply personal choice that demands comprehensive investigation. 

To begin your journey, the AKC MarketPlace serves as a valuable resource to locate Pit Bull puppies available for purchase in your vicinity. However, the crux of the matter lies in seeking a breeder who can produce proof of genetic health testing.

Being aware of the fact that blue-eyed dogs have a higher chance of facing deafness and blindness is crucial. When dealing with responsible breeders, they will test the entire litter to ensure that all puppies have proper hearing and vision.

Do Pit Bull puppies always have blue eyes?

Not all Pit Bulls are born with blue eyes. In fact, like many other puppies, Pit Bull puppies are typically born with blue eyes. This phenomenon is because melanin production, responsible for determining eye color, commences a few weeks after birth. As a result, their eyes appear blue during this early stage of development.

Do Pit Bulls’ eyes change color over time?

The icy blue eyes of Pit Bull puppies are undeniably striking, but do these blue-eyed features stay as they grow? Not for long!

Around 3 to 4 weeks old, most puppies’ eyes start to function like those of adult dogs, and their permanent eye color begins to develop. For the majority of dogs, their eye color eventually settles into dark brown. Exceptions to this rule include some breeds, such as the Siberian Husky.

The eye color of Pit Bull puppies typically undergoes a transition before settling into their permanent hue, which takes several weeks. It is not until around 9 to 12 weeks after birth that their eye color stabilizes and becomes permanent. In some cases, this change may even occur as late as 16 weeks.

The range of actual eye color shades for Pit Bulls encompasses a beautiful variety, including light brown, dark brown, and amber. Additionally, the extraordinary possibility of possessing the rare and captivating permanent blue eye color exists.

Blue-Eyed Pitbull Cost

Based on our research, Pit Bull puppies with good bloodlines are typically sold by breeders at prices ranging from $2000 to $20000. However, Pit Bulls are available at lower prices, ranging from $800 to $3000. 

It costs significantly more to maintain the health of puppies for breeding, so reputable breeders usually charge more. A blue-eyed Pit Bull may also cost more if you specifically want one.

Pit Bulls With Blue Eyes For Sale

If you’re on the hunt for Pit Bull puppies with enchanting blue eyes, a great starting point is your local shelter. Every day, new pets arrive seeking their forever homes, and you might find your perfect match there. 

Additionally, you can explore the AKC Marketplace, a valuable resource that can lead you to grey Pitbulls with captivating blue eyes. 

Another fantastic option is Pawrade, renowned for providing healthy and pre-screened teacup puppies from reputable U.S.-based breeders at reasonable prices. In addition, you might find what you’re looking for at local breeders.

Blue-Eyed Pit Bull Puppies In Action

Check out these beautiful Pit Bull puppies with blue eyes. Ugh, they are so adorable.

Blue-Eyed Pit Bull Puppies In Action

Temperament & Personality Of A Pit Bull

Regarding Pit Bulls, affectionately known as “Pitties,” you can expect a loyal, protective, and highly athletic canine companion. Despite the unfortunate negative stereotypes and misconceptions surrounding this breed, temperament studies on dogs reveal a different story. 

Pitties consistently rank high in affection for their owners and display less aggressive behavior than other breeds. Despite being able to overshadow beloved breeds like golden retrievers, corgis, and beagles, the Pit Bull achieved an impressive 86.4% in the American Temperament Test Society’s study.

The book “Pit Bulls, America’s Most Beautiful (and Misunderstood) Pet” will explain why stereotypes about the breed have been unfairly perpetuated. This enlightening resource delves into the true nature of Pit Bulls and showcases their exceptional qualities as family pets.

Potential Pit Bull owners should be aware of their strong chewing ability and unwavering determination. They can effortlessly dismantle toys within seconds if not suited for their robust jaws. 

Consider a dog subscription box tailored explicitly for heavy chewers like Pit Bulls to address this. These boxes are designed to withstand their powerful chewing, offering an optimal and stimulating experience that suits this breed’s unique personality traits.

By educating ourselves about the fundamental nature of Pit Bulls and providing them with the appropriate toys and care, we can debunk misconceptions and fully appreciate the incredible qualities that make them such wonderful companions for loving families.

There is nothing more enthusiastic than these dogs eager for attention. Their affection for children makes them excellent family companions. In any case, it is essential to supervise Pit Bulls around children.

Pit Bulls tend to exhibit traits of stubbornness, tenacity, and fearlessness. Due to this, they need regular exercise and a strong, confident pack leader to guide them. They can become very obedient and well-behaved dogs with proper training starting from a young age.

Breeding Pit Bulls With Blue Eyes

Pit Bulls with blue eyes are often frowned upon, considered unethical, and deemed inhumane by some due to the elevated risk of health problems in the resulting puppies. When two merle (Mm) carrier dogs are bred together, there is a much higher likelihood of producing a double merle (MM) litter. 

Unfortunately, double-merle puppies are highly susceptible to genetic diseases, including deafness and blindness. When breeding Pit Bulls, it is crucial to select a female and male from healthy bloodlines carefully. The same standards for breeding non-blue-eyed Pit Bulls should also apply when breeding Pit Bulls with blue eyes.

Pit Bulls with blue eyes is a practice that has drawn criticism and is viewed as unethical and inhumane by some, primarily due to the potential health problems that may arise in the puppies. The likelihood of producing a double merle (MM) litter increases significantly when two merle (Mm) carriers are bred together. These double-merle puppies are at a significantly higher risk of inheriting genetic disorders, including deafness and blindness.

Breeders and potential dog owners must be aware of these risks and prioritize the health and well-being of the animals. Responsible breeding practices, genetic testing, and proper care are essential to ensuring the welfare of Pit Bulls and any other breed susceptible to genetic health issues.

To ensure responsible breeding, female Pit Bulls should be allowed to undergo their second heat cycle before considering breeding. It’s essential to avoid breeding female Pit Bulls in two consecutive heat seasons to allow sufficient time for recovery and overall well-being. The expected litter size for Pit Bulls typically ranges between 5 and 10 puppies.

History of The Pit Bull

The American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) combines the strength of an Old English Bulldog with gameness and agility. It gained popularity on the British Isles for bull-baiting, a cruel sport where one to two APBTs harassed bulls until exhaustion or injuries occurred. After bull-baiting was banned, the Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) became a favorite for dogfighting and ratting.

In the United States, bull-and-terrier crosses were introduced by immigrants. As cruel sports declined in popularity, American Pit Bull Terriers became more popular. They transitioned into becoming farm dogs and beloved family companions. The term “Pit” in Pit Bull originates from ratting, where rats were placed in pits to prevent their escape.

Are Blue Eyed Pit Bulls Worth Getting?

Pit Bulls are generally wonderful family pets. These dogs are affectionate with adults and children and simply love to cuddle. Their happiness shines through their vast smiles and infectious zest for life. 

As a result, they are very active dogs and require plenty of exercise. If your lifestyle aligns differently with their exercise needs, a Pit Bull might not be your best choice. Being confined in a small space without enough physical activity may lead to destructive behavior in your beloved Pit Bull. 

To have a happy and well-behaved Pit Bull, you must be prepared to dedicate time and effort to their training. As discussed in this article, it’s crucial to be aware of the potential health concerns associated with owning a Pit Bull with blue eyes. 

To ensure the well-being of your blue-eyed Pit Bull, thorough research is essential in finding a healthy and responsibly bred pup. By investing in training and understanding the health implications, you can create a loving and fulfilling bond with your beloved Pit Bull companion.